MCQs on Qualitative Research with answers

In this post, we have listed 20 MCQs on Qualitative Research with answers. These multiple-choice questions are beneficial to the Master’s Students, MPhil, and Ph.D. students in their research.

At the end of this post, links of pages containing more MCQs on Research are provided.

MCQs on Qualitative Research

1. Which is the odd one out? 

Modern qualitative research can generally involve a detailed study of: 

Psychological characteristics of interesting individuals. 

Media content. 


Conversational exchanges between people and interviews. 

2. Which of the following is incorrect

In producing an interview guide for interviewing a group of sex offenders what will the researcher consider? 

Using the same language for all the participants. 

Not just incorporating questions which relate to theory but basic demographic questions too. 

Structuring the interview guide in a sensible order. 

Modifying the interview guide as issues are highlighted and more interviews conducted. 

3. Which is the odd one out? 

In-depth interviews place a lot of responsibility on the interviewer in terms of: 

The questioning process. 

Ensuring that all the issues are covered in great detail. 

Dealing with the emotions of the participant. 

Preventing the participant from drifting onto other topics. 

4. What is the important practical consideration for researchers conducting interviews? 

The equipment being used. 

The number of researchers carrying out the interview. 

The setting of the interview in terms of locality, privacy, etc. 

All of these are considerations. 

5. How would you best judge the fruitfulness of research? 

The fruitfulness of any research can best be judged according to whether or not the results are significant. 

The fruitfulness of any research could be judged by assessing the impact of the research on the public or other researchers. 

Fruitfulness of the research is probably best judged in terms of the number of new ideas and insights it offers. This is not easily catalogued; rather it is easy to spot when research lacks novel insight and ideas. 

All of these. 

6. It is acceptable to consider the application of research findings as an indication of the value of some research. Why does this prove difficult with qualitative research? 

Because qualitative research is never used in applied psychology. 

Because qualitative research cannot be used effectively to solve a problem. 

Because qualitative research is subjective and this undermines its impact. 

Because quantitative research is better than qualitative research when it comes to applied psychology. 

7. Why does validity pose a problem for qualitative research? 

Because the measurement of validity implies that there is something fixed which can be measured. 

Because there isn’t any quantitative data on which to assess validity. 

Because the validity of interviews cannot be measured. 

Because validity is only an issue in quantitative research. 

8. Qualitative research is often exploratory and has all of the following characteristics except: 

It is typically used when a great deal is already known about the topic of interest 

It relies on the collection of nonnumerical data such as words and pictures 

It is used to generate hypotheses and develop theory about phenomena in the world 

It uses the inductive scientific method 

9. Research in which the researcher uses the qualitative paradigm for one phase and the quantitative paradigm for another phase is known as ______. 

Action research 

Basic research 

Quantitative research 

Mixed method research 

Advance MCQs on Qualitative Research

10. Which of the following includes examples of quantitative variables? 

Age, temperature, income, height 

Grade point average, anxiety level, reading performance 

Gender, religion, ethnic group 

Both a and b 

11. Which of the following is characteristic of qualitative research? 

Generalization to the population 

Random sampling 

Unique case orientation 

Standardized tests and measures 

12. Some features are thought to distinguish quantitative from qualitative research styles. Considering this, which of the following is incorrect? 

Qualitative researchers are more willing to accept the post-positivist position that whatever reality is studied our knowledge of it can only be approximate. 

Quantitative and qualitative methods are both based on positivism and many qualitative researchers apply positivist ideas to messy data. 

Quantitative researchers often treat reality as a system of causes and effects and appear to regard the quest of research as being generalisable knowledge. 

For both quantitative and qualitative researchers, language would be regarded as reflecting reality. 

13. Which of the following is a characteristic of qualitative research? 

Design flexibility 

Inductive analysis 

Context sensitivity 

All of the above 

14. Qualitative research methods can be thought of as: 

Parallel with the physical sciences. 

Methods used to search for the nature of reality. 

A stark alternative to quantitative research. 

A preliminary stage in the research which can contribute to the development of adequate quantification. 

15. An interest in qualitative methods has increased in terms of analysis of: 

Language based data. 


Interest in qualitative is actually on the decline. 

Laboratory experiments. 

16. Which of the following is not a source of data which is appropriate for qualitative study? 

Participant observations. 



Historical records. 

Consider the following hypothetical study. 

17. A researcher asks three groups of 6 depressed individuals from 3 different mental health units how they think they are stigmatized by society given their mental health. Each group discusses the topic. 

What type of method of data collection is this? 


Focus groups. 

Participant observation. 

Structured interviews. 

18. Which of these is an important dimension that identifies different forms of participant observation? 

Explanation to participants as to the purpose of the research can be given in full, partial, not at all, or is misleading. 

The participant’s knowledge of the observations are either overt or covert. 

Some observers are outside of the group, others are full members in the group. 

All of these. 

19. One major characteristic of participant observation is: 

Richness of data. 

Like day-time television discussion where groups debate issues amongst themselves. 

A diverse situation with limited common strategy used between researchers. 

Being immersed in a social setting. 

20. Deciding what data is best for your research analysis depends upon which of the following? 

The nature of the participants. 

The researcher’s personal preferences. 

The research question. 

All of these. 

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