20 MCQs on data analysis in research methodology with answers are provided.

1. What are the types of tables in data processing?

Simple table

Complex/ crosstable

Only b

** Both a and b**

2. Following are parts in the tabulation of data

Title of the table

Subheadings, arrangement of items in rows and columns

Size and demarcation of columns

Footnotes

** All the above**

3. After the data has been processed and analysed, the research process requires:

**Interpretation of data**

Presentation of data

Reporting of data

Testing of data

4. Under descriptive analysis statistical tools used are:

Calculus

Percentage

Mean

Only and a and b

** Only b and c**

5. Highlight the statistical tools that are available to a researcher in the research process:

Measure central tendency

Measure of dispersion

Measure of asymmetry

Measure of relationship

** All the above**

6. Data processing involves the following steps:

Editing

Coding

Classification

Tabulation

**All of the above**

7. In a bar diagram each bar indicates the value of the variable

** True**

False

8. Through data interpretation one understands what the given research findings really mean and what is the underlying generalization which is manifested thought the data collected.

** True**

False

9. In a complex table there is one variant only.

True

** False**

10. Scientific analysis and interpretation of data is data analysis.

** True**

False

11. What is one dimensional analysis?

** Descriptive analysis with one variable**

Descriptive analysis with only one-sided approach

12. The researcher should keep a clear set of_________________ formulated at the very start of the research which will lead to clearer actions and better data collection as well as analysis:

**Hypothesis**

Research design

Limitations

13. A hypothesis which is tested for possible rejection is known as:

Positive hypotheses

Absolute hypotheses

**Null hypotheses**

14. Which of the following are the diagrammatic representations in research:

Graph

Bar diagram

Pie chart

** All the above**

15. In a graph the following variables are scaled on X and Y axis:

The dependent variables on X and the independent variable on Y.

** The independent variables are scaled on X axis and dependent one on Y axis.**

16. Bar diagrams can be drawn:

Either vertically

Horizontally

** Both vertically and horizontally**

17. One of the primary advantages of statistics is:

** Reducing large data to manageable size**

Explains the larger picture

18. Which chart is presented in the form of a circle with each category occupying a segment that is proportional according to the size of its data:

Bar diagram

** Pie chart**

Graph

19. The measure of central tendency indicates:

Measure of asymmetry

**Measure of average**

Measure of variables

None of the above

20. The method of standard deviation is used in:

Measure of relationship

Measure of asymmetry

**Measure of dispersion**

All the above

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