30 Sociology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

Sociology Multiple Choice Questions: If you are looking for MCQs on Sociology, then you are at the right place. Solve below Sociology questions and answers.

Sociology is an analysis of evidence about social life. In this blog post, we have listed important Sociology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers – Introduction to Sociology.

Sociology multiple-choice questions

1. Who among the following is/are credited for establishing the field of ‘environmental sociology’ as an independent subdiscipline within the parental discipline of sociology? 

August Comte 

Riley Dunlap & William Catton 

Frederick Buttel 

Michael Mayerfeld Bell 

2. Before the emergence of environmental sociology, which of the following sociologist has provided a perspective to understand environmental aspects of society? 

Radha Kamal Mukherjee 

Talcott Parsons 

Frederick Buttel 

Alvin W Goldner 

3. Who defines environmental sociology as ‘the study of community in its largest possible sense’? 

Riley Dunlap & William Catton 

Donella H Meadows & Dennis L Meadows 

Frederick Buttel 

Michael Mayerfeld Bell 

4. Which of the following best explains the problem of pre-ecological sociology? 

Sociology emerged before the emergence of study of ecology 

Sociology developed paradigms where humans were exempted from vulnerabilities of nature 

Sociological knowledge was influenced by ecological knowledge 

None of the above 

5. Which of the following is/are identified by Raymond Murphy as factor/s for which nature did not matter to sociology? 

Sociology did not encourage interdisciplinary research 

Attempts to explain social by natural have had the effect of distancing sociology from it 

Sociology emerged in an era of exuberance 

All of the above 

6. Who authored the book ‘Social Construction of Reality”? 

Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann 

Reiley Dunlap and William Catton 

Raymond Murphy 

Frederick Buttel 

7. Which of the following is not an assumption of HEP framework? 

World is finite, so there is potent physical limits constraining economic growth 

Humans are unique among the earth’s creatures 

Progress can centime without limit, making all social problems soluble 

Human differences are socially induced and can be socially altered 

8. Which of the following is an assumption of NEP framework? 

Human beings are but one species among many that are interdependently involved in the biotic community 

Intricate linkages of cause and effect in the web of nature produce many unintended consequences 

World is fine, so there is potent physical limits constraining economic growth 

All of the above 

9. What is anthropocentrism? 

the dominant ideology shaping the discipline of anthropology 

A belief that anthropological knowledge is central to other branches of knowledge in social sciences 

A belief that human beings are the most central species on earth, and social reality can be understood exclusively from a human perspective 

All of the above 

10. Which of the following statement best explains the difference between New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) and Human Exemptionalism Paradigm (HEP)? 

HEP believes that world is vast, thus provides unlimited opportunities, where as NEP believes that social and cultural environments are crucial context for human affairs and bio-physical environment is largely irrelivant 

HEP assumes that technology can extend carrying capacity for a while, but ecological laws can not be replaced, whereas NEP believed that technological and social progress can continue indefinitely 

NEP believes that people are masters of their destiny, they can choose their goals concerning nature and can do whatever is necessary to achieve them, where are HEP believes that human affairs are influenced by intricate linkages in the web of nature 

None of the above 

11. Who among the following distinguished between ‘pack type’ and ‘herd type’ societies? 

M K Gandhi 

Jawaharlal Nehru 

J C Kumarappa 

Ramachndra Guha 

12. Who among the following provided rich ethnographic account of ‘Baiga’ community? 

M N Srinivas 

Claude Levi-Strauss 

Irawati Karve 

Verrier Elwin 

13. What is second contradiction of capitalism? 

contradiction between capital and labour 

contradiction between labour and environment 

contraction between capital and environment 

All of the above 

14. Who among the following is associated with Marx’s Theory of Metabolic Rift? 

John Bellamy Foster 

James O’Connor 

Rosa Luxemburg 

Friedrich Engels 

15. Which of the following best defines metabolic rift? 

Alienation of labour from the process of production 

rupture of organic relationship between human and their natural environment 

Estrangement of workers from their labour process 

growing class consciousness among the working class 

16. Which of the following statement reflects relevance of Durkheim from an environmental sociological perspective? 

Durkheim’s division of labour entails that as societies became larger and denser, it would have been disastrous if everyone had continued to depend upon agriculture 

Durkheim’s social fact considers environmental fact as a determinant of social evolution and progress 

Durkheim’s Rules of Sociological Method provides an important analytical framework to understand the interaction between nature and society 

All of the above 

17. Who introduced the concept of ‘human ecology’? 

Robert Park 

Roderick D McKenzie 

Alexander von Humboldt 

Radha Kamal Mukherjee 

18. Who among the following authored ‘The Environment: From Surplus to Scarcity’? 

Gert Spaargaren 

APJ Mole 

Ulrich Beck 

None of the above 

19. Which of the following describes the dialectic tension in Treadmill of Production? 

The conflict between capitalism’s need for resource extraction and society’s demand for environmental protection 

The conflict between the stakeholders and shareholders in the treadmill 

The conflict between labour and capital in capitalism 

None of the above 

20. Which of the following is true about environmental constructivism? 

Environmental problems are objective, which are relevant to understnad human behaviour and social organisation 

Environmental problems are socially mediated and constructed 

Understanding of environmental problems requires ‘re-naturalisation’ of society and knowledge about it 

None of the above 

21. Which of the following may be considered as criticism of environmental realism? 

It advocates bio-physical reductionism 

It employs division of labour between disciplines 

It discounts the role and power of social movements 

All of the above 

22. What does language denote in post-positive social science? 

It is a medium to explain reality 

It gives a meaning to a reality 

It constructs an alternate reality 

All of the above 

23. Who among the following has classified environmental discourses as (a) Environmental problems solving, (b) Survivalism, (c) Sustainability and (d) Green radicalism Discourse? 

Robyn Eckersley 

Herndl & Brown 

John Hannigan 

John Dryzek 

24. Who among the following is associated with Ecological Modernisation Theory? 

Ulrich Beck 

Josheph Huber 

Allan Schnaiberg 

William Catton 

25. The three competing functions of environment, that Dunlap & Catton mention in their framework, include: (a) environment as supply depot, (b) environment as waste depository, and (c) environment as raw material for production. 



26. O D Duncan had provided the ‘Ecological Complex Model’, that studies human society through 4 inter-related components such as Population, Organisation, Environment and Technology. 



27. The three stages of evolution of society pointed out by ecological modernisation theory are: (a) traditional society, (b) Construction of risk society, (c)Ecological switchover. 



28. Ecological modernisation theory believes that while the environmental problems have been caused by modernisation and industrialisation, their solution must necessarily lie in more modernisation and super industrialisation. 



29. John Hannigan has classified environmental Discourses as: Arcadian, Ecosystem and Environmental Justice Discourse. 



30. Which of the following best describes ‘ecological switchover’? 

It calls for a restructuring of mode of production to address ecological problems. 

It indicates the possibility of overcoming the ecological crisis without leaving the path of modernity through super industrialisation. 

It explains the risks of super-industrialisation and transformation of industrial society into risk society. 

All of the above 

More MCQs related to Sociology

Leave a Comment