Sociology MCQ questions: Environmental Sociology

Multiple Choice Questions on Sociology

Which of the following correspond to the first wave of environmentalism as per Ramachandra Guha’s framework of global environmentalism?

  1. Initial response to onset of industrialisation
  2. Public and political support to response to industrialisation
  3. Rising discontent against pollution in America
  4. All of the above

‘Idea of scientific conservation’ is considered as a strand of which of the following wave of environmentalism by Ramachandra Guha?

  1. First Wave
  2. Second Wave
  3. Period of silence
  4. Both First and Second Wave

What does southern challenge refer in Guha’s framework of global environmentalism?

  1. An idea which challenges that environmental protection and economic growth can not go together
  2. An idea which challenges global south to become environmentally sound and economically strong
  3. Idea which challenges the notion that environmentalism is a phenomenon of global north and product of post-materialism
  4. All of the above

Which of the following is true about environmentalism of north?

  1. Revolves around the issue of industrial pollution
  2. Emerged in a post-material context
  3. Seeks for clean, beautiful and safe environment
  4. All of the above

Which of the following is true about environmentalism of south?

  1. Emerged during the process of material production
  2. Quality of life as the central issue of protest
  3. Emerged in a post-material context
  4. None of the above

Which of the following is a difference between environmentalism of north and environmentalism of south?

  1. Environmentalism of north emerged at an early stage of industrial progress, where as  environmentalism of south emerged in a post-material and post-industrial context
  2. Qulaity of life and safe environment is the major concern of environmentalism of south where as pollution issues are major concern for environmentalims of north
  3. Environmentalism of north calls for a change of attitude towards nature, whereas environmentalism of south calls for a change in mode of production
  4. All of the above

Which of the following is not an assumption of HEP framework?

  1. World is finite, so there is potent physical limits constraining economic growth
  2. Humans are unique among the earth’s creatures
  3. Progress can centime without limit, making all social problems soluble
  4. Human differences are socially induced and can be socially altered

Which of the following is true about post-material values?

  1. Increasing emphasis on self-expression and quality of life
  2. Increasing emphasis on economic and physical well-being
  3. Both of the above
  4. None of the above

When was Earth Day celebrated for the first time?

  1. April 22, 1970
  2. June 05, 1970
  3. April 01, 1970
  4. April 22, 1987

Who among the following regard collective identity as necessary condition for defining a movement?

  1. Manuel Castells
  2. Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison
  3. Mario Diani
  4. Christopher Rootes

Who among the following regard institutionalisation and organisation outside the framework of social movement?

  1. Manuel Castells
  2. Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison
  3. Mario Diani
  4. Christopher Rootes

Who among the following emphasize institutional and non-institutional networks in defining environmental movements?

  1. Manuel Castells
  2. Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison
  3. Ramachandra Guha
  4. Christopher Rootes

According to Manuel Castells, which of the following is not a characteristic feature of environmental movement?

  1. Environmental movements are science based movements
  2. Movements call for local level (environmental) decision making by the community
  3. Environmental movements call for a eco-centric and socio-biological identity
  4. All of the above

Which of the following explains scale shift of social movements?

  1. Change in ideology to a different scale in social movements
  2. Change in collective mobilisation to a different focal point in social movements
  3. Variation in strategy of collective mobilisation in social movements
  4. All of the above

Which of the following is not true about new social movements?

  1. Participants are drawn from groups advocating for issues that directly benefit members of the group
  2. Preservation or peace, environment and human rights are the central issues
  3. Emphasis on freedom of speech and quality of life.
  4. Informal and less hierarchical organisational structure

Which of the following is a criticism of political ecology approach?

  1. Negligence of inequality in access to environment and environmental degradation
  2. Lack of importance to pursuit of power as explaining human behavior with regards to environmental issues
  3. Too much of importance to pursuit of power as explaining human behavior with regards to environmental issues
  4. Lack of emphasis on political concerns and over emphasis on ecological concerns

Who among the following is associated with the concept of ‘environmentalism of the poor’?

  1. Joan Martinez-Aller
  2. Arturo Escobar
  3. Ronald Inglehart
  4. Roy A Rappaport

Whcih among the following is referred as ‘omnivores’ by Ramachandra Guha?

  1. Those who depend upon their local resources to meet most of their material needs
  2. Beneficiaries of development
  3. Sufferers of development, who are displaced or forced to migrate to city
  4. All of the above

Which of the following is true about different ideologies of Indian environmentalism?

  1. Gandhian environmentalism considers tradition as a source of inspiration for environmental protection
  2. Ecological Marxism is hostile towards tradition and relies more on modern science, technology
  3. Appropriate Technology ideology is influenced by western socialism
  4. All of the above

Which of the following does not constitute a theme of environmental history?

  1. Study of human engagement with physical environment
  2. Celebration of individuals and organisations who challenged environmental destruction unleashed by colonialism and capitalism
  3. Study of patterns of ecological order and change, largely autonomous of human action
  4. Changes in physical status of forests and pastures, as well as changes in social institutions governing their use

Environmentalism of global south is red on outside, but green on inside.

  1. True
  2. False

Deep Ecology Movement and Eco-feminism movements are examples of environmental movements focusing on defense of own space.

  1. True
  2. False

Green Belt Movement took place in Kenya.

  1. True
  2. False

Relational Diffusion refers to transfer of information through impersonal carriers, which link two or more previously unconnected movement sites or networks.

  1. True
  2. False

New social movements aimed to increase the power and recognition of working class and their issues.

  1. True
  2. False

Old social movements emphasised redistribution of resources and capital.

  1. True
  2. False

Environmental movements in global south juxtaposes concerns for environment with that of concerns for social justice.

  1. True
  2. False

Ecological Marxism calls for a pragmatic reconciliation of modern science and traditional knowledge.

  1. True
  2. False

Ideology of nomadic pastoral mode of resource use perceived humanbeings part of the larger community of nature.

  1. True
  2. False

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha considered Marxian notion of ‘industrial mode of production’ and ‘socialist/communist mode of production’ belonging to a single mode of resource use.

  1. True
  2. False

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